EN is the European standard for electric bikes and was adopted in Australia in and EN allows for a W motor. Read more about EN . Chariman of EnergyBus e.V., Dr. Mo-Hua Yang explains Europe’s EN and EN Standards for Light EVs. This European Standard applies to EPAC bicycles for private and commercial use with exception of EPAC intended for hire from unattended station.
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As roadways become more congested and parking spaces harder to find, commuters in many major cities around the world are leaving their automobiles at home and bicycling to work. Bicycles not only provide their riders with physical exercise, they require less road space and are environmentally-preferable em15194 conventional means of transportation.
Of course, for commuters who must travel long distances, bicycles with some form of power may provide a more suitable alternative.
E-bicycles, also known as pedelecs short for ped al elec tric cycles or EPACs e lectric p ower sfandard ssisted c yclesrepresent an increasingly popular variation on the traditional bicycle. As such, they are particularly useful for long bicycle trips, or for traveling over difficult terrains. However, despite their potentially broad appeal, stxndard are subject to a number of regulatory requirements in global jurisdictions.
New EPAC Standard for Safe e-Bikes
E-bicycles represent a small but rapidly growing portion of the overall global market. According to Pike Research, the worldwide market for e-bicycles will grow to between 47 and 51 million units byup from just 30 million units in But Western Europe will experience significant gains as well, with projected sales of 1. The growth of e-bicycles in North America will be more modest, with annual sales projections of underunits by The widespread differences are reportedly attributable to the use of sealed lead acid batteries in e-bicycles sold in China, compared with more advanced and safer battery technologies such as lithium-ion used in bicycles standare in Europe and North America.
This makes the European market for e-bicycles economically attractive for manufacturers despite the difference in market size. In the EU, the term e-bicycle is broadly used in connection with two different types of cycles. The first category of e-bicycles, usually referred to as pedelecs, are equipped with a small motor intended to assist the cyclist when pedaling. By design, the motor will work only when the cyclist is actively pedaling the bicycle, and will not operate independently.
Further, pedelec motors will generally cease operation once the bicycle has reached a speed of 25 kilometers tsandard hour about The second category, usually stadard to as either e-bikes or s-pedelecs, incorporate a motor that can independently propel the bicycle without the assistance of the rider.
E-bike motors are also sufficiently powerful to propel e-bikes at speeds in excess of 25 kilometers per hour. In that way, e-bikes operate like motorcycles, mopeds and other motorized two and three-wheeled vehicles. For owners and operators of e-bicycles, the distinctions between these two categories are important. Pedelecs are considered bicycles and are not subject to vehicle registration or insurance requirements, and pedelec operators do not require licenses or any specialized equipment.
E-bikes and s-pedelecs, on the other hand, must be registered with national vehicular authorities and bear a license plate similar to an automobile.
And, just like automobile operators, E-bike operators must contract for property and liability insurance. In the EU, manufacturers of pedelecs and e-bikes are also subject to different regulatory schemes and requirements. Manufacturers must verify compliance with these essential requirements before they are legally permitted to affix the CE mark to their products and market them in the EU. However, the verification process for pedelecs is different from that which applies to e-bikes and s-pedelecs.
Actual proof of compliance is usually determined by testing conducted by an independent testing laboratory. However, self-testing is also permitted if a manufacturer is stnadard to conduct the required testing. In either case, a formal test report is required to document compliance in support of the DoC. Type testing is conducted by testing laboratories authorized by EU member states, and self-testing and certification is not permitted.
E-bikes which successful pass type testing sn15194 issued a type approval certificate by the testing lab. E-bikes awarded standsrd approval must affix specified type approval marking to their vehicle.
European standard ENCycles — Electrically power assisted cycles —EPAC Bicycles, addresses most of the technical requirements related to the electrical components of e-bicycles. However, EN is not currently a harmonized standard under any of the EU directives applicable to pedelecs and e-bikes.
Europe’s EN and EN Standards for Light EVs
This means that compliance with the requirements of the standard does not automatically signify compliance with the essential requirements of EU directives. For this reason, pedelec manufacturers are encouraged to seek the assistance of an independent testing laboratory in developing and executing a comprehensive testing plan that clearly demonstrates compliance with all applicable requirements. The market for e-bicycles is expected to dramatically increase in the coming years as consumers seek safe and convenient options to traditional motorized vehicles.
In the EU, e-bicycle manufacturers are rapidly adopting advanced power and drive atandard technologies to better meet the requirements and expectations of this emerging demand. However, the regulatory landscape for e-bicycles is complex and can be confusing, especially to first-time market entrants.
Accordingly, e-bicycle manufacturers should consult with a qualified testing organization early in the product standdard and development process to minimize risk and to ensure timely market access. For more information, contact us at e-mobility tuv-sud. Back to contents page.
EU testing requirements for e-bicycles
EU testing requirements for e-bicycles. The demand for e-bicycles E-bicycles represent a small but rapidly growing portion of the overall global market. Categories of e-bicycles In the EU, the term e-bicycle is broadly used in connection with two different types of cycles. EU regulations applicable to e-bicycles In the EU, manufacturers of pedelecs and e-bikes are also subject to different regulatory schemes and requirements.
Conclusion The market for e-bicycles is expected to dramatically increase in the coming years as consumers seek safe and convenient options to traditional motorized vehicles.
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