Marksistskaia teoriia prava i stroitel抯tvo sotsializma, Revoliutsiia prava (), no.3, pp From Evgeny Pashukanis, Selected Writings on Marxism and Law . From Evgeny Pashukanis, Selected Writings on Marxism and Law (eds. P. Beirne & R. Sharlet), London & New York , pp Evgeny Pashukanis was born in of a Lithuanian family. He became a Bolshevik in and later was a Vice-Commissar of Justice and the editor of.

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That universal appeal is in relation to commodities.

The General Theory of Law and Marxism

Further, I asserted that the social division of labour and, accordingly, the appearance of economic subjects as participants in this exchange, are facts that are not connected in their origin with state imperatives. However, the positive interpretation of subjective legal capacity which is given by the above-mentioned articles of the Civil Code, and in particular by various commentators on these articles, is much more doubtful. It is wrong, however, to resort to a simplistic outcry against legal ideology in general.

By Pashukanis was rapidly moving into the dominant position within Marxist legal philosophy and the Soviet legal profession. This was the time of colonialism when capitalists considered protecting domestic markets as key to profit. However, inNikolai Bukharin was attacked by Stalin, because he insisted that the state must wither away to bring forth communism, as Marx had advocated, and stripped of all his political posts.

Under the conventional perspectives of Law, law is a grand judge sitting on a cloud deciding our fates. It should also not be forgotten that the division of labour, and the exchange connected with it, are the essence of a phenomenon that appears earlier than the feudal system. Generally, in the case of crime, the legal action belongs to the government which may deny you the right you believe yourself to have.

Pages with related products. Universal Political Equivalent and Legal Form Marx notes that out of all of the commodities, over time, arises one commodity which can be used in exchange for all other commodities. This idea found its expression in Arts. Extreme disregard for legal form? But in both cases Pashukanis combines a sensitivity to the pragmatic aspects of socialist construction with a resolute denial that the legal form can be socialist in either form or content.

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Meanwhile, he launched his career as a legal scholar. In all of these scenarios law is above the world and rules it without much input from the world.

Neither piecemeal concepts nor even a correct pashikanis to one or another particular problem is sufficient for revolutionary action; instead, a general orientation is required, a correct general approach which makes possible the solution of a problem in all of its aspects.

Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. But we conclude from this, that in granting and protecting civil-law rights, the proletarian state by no means intended to develop the forces ppashukanis production in all instances. It is indeed because of this that the bourgeoisie not only substitute their new law for feudal law but give such an all encompassing significance to the legal element in social life and ideology. They subjected it to careful critical analysis, and realized that he offered an alternative to the traditional Marxist interpretations, which saw law simply and purely as tied to class interests of domination.

Evgeny Pashukanis: General Theory of Law and Marxism ()

The tithe and the cropshare should not be confused with the surplus value of capitalist society. Every human interest in society is a political interest. Retrieved from ” https: Such for example, is the problem of the law of the transitional period, ;ashukanis Soviet law, fully posed by Stuchka, which is among his outstanding contributions to the theory of law. It was a enjoyable read. That is to say that the law is a mirror image of capitalist rules.

It is easy to find appeal in the idea that we are all equal under the law. A kind of fusion of our Soviet law with the psahukanis of the verbal evgenj of capitalism as reflected in foreign legislation followed.

A revolutionary epoch is differentiated from periods of peaceful, evolutionary development by the fact that it becomes necessary to formulate all problems in the broadest possible form.

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Share with your friends. This is nothing other than an attempt to translate into the language of legal definitions the idea which lay at the basis of the New Economic Policy.

The law of the bourgeois state, protected by the force of the latter, can only be destroyed by the proletarian revolution. We will deal only with these two points.


In the first place, I warned against confusing the real possibilities of state power and the results actually achieved by it, with what is contained in the laws issued by the state.

Evgeny Pashukanis: Commodity-Form Theory of Law

See Revolution of the Lawno. The inequity of free-trade law becomes apparent when one considers the reality that young markets lack the capital to fend off large influxes of capital competition into their markets. Sometimes law is a man who only thinks like a man and is missing the intelligence of a woman. In this particular essay Pashukanis seems successfully to have accommodated himself to the fact that the legal form was embryonically present in pre-capitalist modes of production.

I believe majority was spot on. In order to extricate ourselves from this dilemma and solve pashukabis problem posed above, some type of general conception of law was needed and one was proposed; unfortunately, it was the psychological theory of intuitive law borrowed from Petrazhitsky rather than a Marxist conception of law.

Just like any other commodity we become fixated with law because it appears to alleviate the power imbalance of economic inequality. The problem posed by Stuchka is much broader and we are not in disagreement with it.

If the product of impartial application is a partial outcome the application itself is a hollow shell for bias.

Evgeny Pashukanis: Commodity-Form Theory of Law

It seemed to me that, as a result, a more or less structured concept was achieved, which also incidentally agreed with those brief remarks that are found in Marx concerning the law of the transitional period to socialism.

Much is hidden behind the will of the commodity owner: Commodity-Form Theory argues this thing called law has no legal form. Conclusion Commodity-Form Theory allows us to more materially understand the underlying politico-economic forces underpinning law.

Authority as the guarantor of market exchange not only may be expressed in terms of law, but itself appears as law and only law, and is merged entirely with the abstract objective norm.

To separate one from the other becomes more and more dangerous.