The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. Thanks to Walter Jominy (the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the war), there is a simple but. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set.

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After quenching the hominy profile is measured at intervals from the quenched end after the surface has been ground back to remove any effects of decarburisation 0.

The Jominy End Quench Test

In the example here, the surface will be transformed to martensite, but the core will have a bainitic structure with some martensite.

Modern materials and manufacturing processes.

The cooling rate will be highest at the end being quenched, and will decrease as distance from the end increases.

Substances like brine and water cool the steel much more quickly than oil or air. Ferrite and pearlite are formed jomint the cooling rate is slower.

Boron can therefore only affect the hardenability of steels if it is in solution. Clicking on the circled data points will take you to images of the microstructure at that location in the sample. Increasing the austenite grain size increases the hardenability of steels.

Hardenability – Wikipedia

The farther away from the quenched end that the hardness extends, the higher the hardenability. Assume that a steel bar with a certain diameter is cooled completely in a medium as shown.

The Jominy end-quench test was invented by Walter E. The resultant microstructure is quite coarse, with reduced toughness and ductility. Retrieved 9 December Your browser does not support the video tag. The cold region has transformed from austenite to a mixture of martensite, ferrite and pearlite.


A high hardenability is required for through hardening of large components. It is not only necessary to understand the basic information provided from the Jominy test, but also to appreciate how the information obtained can be used to understand the effects of alloying in steels and the steel microstructure. A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so much more than the meer plunging of hot metal into a fluid that is often a liquid.

Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels. When a hot steel work-piece is quenchedthe area in contact with the water immediately cools and its temperature equilibrates with the quenching medium.

The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0.

The Jominy End Quench Test

Thanks to Walter Jominy the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the warthere is a simple but accurate test to assess the hardenability of a given sample.

What is shown is the relation of the hardness values you get throughout the material relative to the hardness you get at a certain distance from cooling only the end in the same medium is what jiminy shown For example, if you can live with the hardness you get 2 cm from the end of a bar in a Jominy test red lineyour bar can gave a diameter of about 10 cm blue line and will have that hardness everywhere if you cool with maximal cooling rate liquid nitrogen, for example.

There are different scales for the Rockwell hardness test. This TLP considers the basic concepts of hardenability and the Jominy test. Structure of En 24 at 10 cm position along Jominy bar, furthest from the quenched end. For the alloy steel testt is larger, they are hard for at least 25 mm.



Slower cooling rates occur at the core of larger components, compared to the faster cooling rate at the surface. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. Jominy served as president of ASM in Again, you have three steels. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions.

The cooling rate varies along the length of the sample from very rapid at the quenched end, to rates equivalent to air cooling at the other end.

Jominy and A. Plain carbon steel with sufficient carbon e. The Rockwell test is commonly used tesst the USA. Knowledge about the hardenability of steels is necessary to be able to select the appropriate combination of alloy steel and heat treatment jminy manufacture components of different size to minimize thermal stresses and distortion.

The formatting page breaks, etc of the printed version is unpredictable and highly dependent on your browser. The Rockwell hardness test measures a number which depends on the difference in the depth of an indentation made by two loads, a minor load followed by a major load. There are quite complex interactions between the jomiby elements, which also affect the temperatures of the phase transformation and the resultant microstructure.

These include alloying elements and grain size.