Poland. The first article originally appeared in the April edition of Kuhura, a Polish-language journal published in Paris, and was translated into English for. – Biography (not yet available). Works: Open Letter to Ozjasz Szechter. Trotskyism in Poland up to Ludwik Hass (–) was a Polish historian. Authority control. WorldCat Identities · VIAF: · ISNI: · SUDOC:

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Among many works, i Eastern Galicia contained two million White Russians out of a total population of 40 million. This fact must not be underestimated. Etymology and spelling There are several unrelated origins for this surname: This, together with his long exile in Russia haas his marriage to a Russian woman, meant that he spoke Russian at home and, especially at first, found Polish difficult.

Ludwik Hass – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia

View a machine-translated version of the Polish article. Did this tactic get him anywhere, or could it ever do so?

This page was last edited on 28 Decembernass It must have occurred to those who sang the Internationale on that day of the trial that by their action they could do harm to the defendants, give the authorities a pretext for further repression etc. Longing What was Trotskyism to this man? You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. While there he became a Trotskyist. Hass played a key role in winning the founding cadres of the Spartacist Group of Poland to Trotskyism, as they then understood it.


Member feedback about Nikolay Chkheidze: Hass continually challenged the classical idea of patriotism by loudly proclaiming unpleasant facts which traditional patriots would rather forget. However, this opinion states a lot uldwik his attitude towards Gomulka. Ivano-Frankivsk topic Ivano-Frankivsk Ukrainian: A number lduwik small pieces by Trotsky circulated in Poland in addition to those mentioned by Hass.

You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. Ludwik Hass — was a Polish historian who specialised in the history of Freemasonry in Poland.

He could always derive satisfaction from the fact that, however he was treated and whatever was done to him, this only confirmed his analysis and predictions on the inevitable evolution of a bureaucratic state, a new class, etc. For a Workers Party!

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Considering the conditions, he gained something quite splendid: Following the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in he uldwik himself in the territory of the Soviet Union. His attitude to the Party he once summarised by saying: This historical luggage was foundational for his life and work in the communist Poland, assured him the system safety against tough repressions by the state authorities, which affected many Polish intellectuals and academicians.


Pilsudski was Inspector General of the Polish Forces.

No one could know what opposition this process would encounter, what compromises it would have to make. He then became a commandant of the Polish Military Organisation, first in the Warsaw district, and then its Commandant-in-Chief.

One must remember the situation in He identified himself unreservedly with the oppressed minorities in Poland – even such unpopular ones as the Ukrainians and Germans. He was all too familiar with the empty verbiage of Stalinism. The organisation was highly political in nature and though it included people from several different parties, the most prominent belonged to the Constitutional Democratic Party.

The OUN received financial aid and arms from Germany.